The difficulty of the demand-supply imbalance in the labour market for SDD
The difficulty of the demand-supply imbalance in the labour market for SDD
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Nov. 2, Srinagar: The shortage of trained personnel and the widening imbalance between supply and demand in the employment market have presented the Skill Development Department (SDD) in Jammu and Kashmir with significant challenges.

According to official records, the government has admitted that the department was constrained by the small number of government positions and the small number of private sector employment prospects.
The official paper states, “Unemployed youth, including school and college dropouts, have a skill deficit as well, adding to the worries of the government.” Given the constraints that provide a significant obstacle for the authorities in the SDD, the government is promoting skill development in J&K by creating two regional skill centres, one in Srinagar and one in Jammu.
The official document states, “These two skill hubs are being established in the first phase.”
Although the SDD is preparing to address the issues of young skill deficiency and the small number of jobs available in the private sector, the department is seriously threatened by the exodus of talented workers from J&K.

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The government’s investigation also showed that a significant danger to the SDD was the youth’s attitude in J&K, which is to seek government positions, and the brain drain of competent individuals from J&K.
It states, “An additional threat is the lack of confidence and expertise for skilled personnel to set up new individual units.”
But according to government analysis, the SDD would serve as the central organisation for MIS maintenance and as a liaison between various departments and organisations, such as NIESEBUD and SSCs, for syllabuses, study materials, infrastructure identification, certified trainer identification, student portal registration, assessment, certification, and post-certification support.
According to the official document, “Furthermore, the SDD will assign a pool of experts within the department who will assist the government in achieving the vision and mission of imparting quality training to the J&K youth.”

The SDD has focused on conducting skill development training programmes in J&K in accordance with the policies and programmes extended by the J&K government in a systematic manner through a network of public and private institutes with a proper mechanism of training and certification, despite the weaknesses and major threats owing to the lack of jobs and skill deficit.
One of the main goals of NEP 2020 is employability, which acknowledges the importance of education in equipping students with the necessary skill sets. According to the official document, the department aims to expand J&K’s talent ecosystem and promote relevant skill development for the new economy.

Interestingly, J&K is home to 29 polytechnics—22 state-run and seven private—that provide three-year diploma programmes in 20 different engineering, non-engineering, paramedical, and tourism-related subjects.
Along with 53 government and 31 private ITIs, the Directorate of Skill Development offers 71 designated trades, comprising 25 engineering trades, 40 non-engineering trades, eight heritage craft courses, and six regular short-term courses with 711 trade units and a 15,416 seat capacity, of which 14,250 students are enrolled as of the 2021–2022 academic year.

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